Physics: Introduction to physics - The scientific approach - Physical quantities and their measurement units - Physical dimensions - Scalar and vector quantities - Vector components- Operations with vectors: sum, difference, scalar product.
Particle kinematics: Reference systems - Rectilinear motion : position, velocity and acceleration. Uniform rectilinear motion and uniformly accelerated motion.
Curvilinear motion: velocity and acceleration. Tangential and normal components of acceleration. Circular motion: centripetal acceleration, angular velocity and angular acceleration.
Particle dynamics: Newton's laws - Inertial and non intertial reference systems - Applications of Newton's laws: weight force, friction forces, reaction forces, elastic forces, apparent forces. Applications: centrifuge.
Work and energy: Work of a force - Power - Kinetic energy - Theorem of live forces - Conservative forces - Potential energy - Conservation of mechanical energy.
Ideal fluids: Density and pressure - Fluids in static conditions: the principle of Pascal, the law of hydrostatics, the principle of Archimedes. Surface tension and capillary effect. Applications: micro pipettes. Pressure gauges. Viscosity and friction force. Applications: sedimentation in test tubes and with the centrifuge.
Fluids in dynamic conditions: flow rate and continuity equation. Bernoulli equation and applications. Motion in a viscous regime. Applications: suction and recirculation pumps in the suction hoods.
Thermology and Thermodynamics: Temperature - Thermometric scales. State of a thermodynamic system - Equation of state of ideal gases - Kinetic-molecular theory and definition of temperature - Thermal expansion, thermal capacity and specific heats - Heat transfer - Work - Cycles - First principle and the second principle of Thermodynamics. Applications: General characteristics of a thermometer. Thermometric scales, thermometers, thermostats, refrigerators and ULT freezers.
Electrostatics and electrodynamics: Electric charge. Coulomb's law. The electric field. Electrical potential and potential difference. Electrostatic capacity and capacitors. Applications: Electrophoresis.
The electric current. Electrical resistance and Ohm's law. Resistivity. Joule effect and elelctrical power. Applications: resistance thermometers, thermistors, thermocouples. RC circuits and leakage currents: safety of laboratory instruments.
The magnetic field, force generated on a wire crossed by current, the Biot-Savart law, the Ampere law. Force produced by two parallel currents. Lorentz force. Induction and Faraday-Lenz's law. Applications: the mass spectrometer. Applications: chromatography. Geometric optics: reflection - Refraction: Snell's law - Thin lenses and lens equation - Lens builders equation. Applications: magnifying glass, the optical microscope; blood cells counter.
Wave nature of light and matter: electromagnetic waves - light intensity. Huygens principle - interference - diffraction - resolution of the optical microscope - De Brogli hypothesis - Applications: the electron microscope.
Notes on the structure of the atom and on the phenomena of absorption and emission of electromagnetic radiation. Applications: spectrophotometer and coagulometer; capillary electrophoresis.
Hardware Main components - von Neumann architecture
- mass memories
- I / O
System software and application software
- process manager (time slicing)
- central memory manager (shared by all processes)
- secondary storage manager (files and directories)
- device manager (driver)
- user interface (user interaction)
- computer networks and sharing of resources
- types of networks: LAN, WLAN, WAN
- network topology
- client / server and P2P (peer-to-peer) models: comparison
- Internet: network of networks
- functioning of the Internet
- other types of networks: intranet and extranet
- transmission media: twisted pair, coaxial cable, Ethernet cable, optical fiber, terrestrial radio link, satellite.
- data transfer:
- how to connect to the Internet
- searches with Google
- special searches
INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS:
Introduction to spreadsheets
The excel sheet
Enter, save and print data
Automatic data entry
Mathematical formulas with excel
The functions of excel
Create and edit charts
Absolute and relative references in formulas and functions
Logic functions (SE, E, OR, XOR, NON)
Nested logical functions
Links between different sheets
Links between different files