The extended program of the course foresees the study of the following topics:
Economic, social, political and cultural relations between the countries that border on the western and eastern shores in the context of the centuries-long life of the Mediterranean;
The reconstruction of the long history of the Mediterranean geo-historic space, center of irradiation and the cradle of ancient cultures and religions, characterized by exchanges and mingling, meetings and clashes, starting from the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople (1453);
The "triumph" of Christianity in the Battle of Lepanto (October 7, 1571), the western propaganda of Philip II. Imperial Spain and the Mediterranean;
Formation and evolution of the modern state in the western Mediterranean;
The apogee of the "sublime Porta" in the 16thcentury;
The political, economic and social organization of the Ottoman Turkish imperial system; the Timar; the sultan and the formation of the ruling class; relations with the subjugated populations;
The characters of Mediterranean feudalism;
The Mediterranean divided;
The Mediterranean in the 18thcentury;
Colonial expansion in the Mediterranean;
The Mediterranean and the long process of European decolonization;
The birth of Israel and the Palestinian question;
The "Arab Springs". The Muslim world and the clash of civilizations;
The perspectives of the Mediterranean.
The Kingdom of Naples in the multi-secular development of the European Mediterranean:
the Norman heritage; the Angevins and the Aragonese; the historiographical construction of the conquest of Naples in the Spanish imperial system, the Austrian viceroyalty, the Bourbon kingdom, the revolution of 1799.the Napoleonic decade, the Two Sicilies and the end of the Kingdom.
The Turkish-Ottoman conquest of Constantinople,28 May 1453, capital of the Byzantine Empire and expression of a great civilization, heir to the culture of Rome;
Alexandria, Egypt, 1 July 1798: Napoleon Bonaparte's expedition;
Naples, 9 September 1943: the landing of the allies on the beaches of Campania;
Algiers, 10 August 1956: the beginning of a "battle" long denied.
Additional studies to be carried out by non-attending students:
The Molise Contado in the modern Mediterranean. Evolution of environmental frameworks and land construction. Molisani cereals and Neapolitan demand. The conveyance of the of the sheepherding heritage. The long route of breeding in the middle-lower Adriatic. The Customs regime. The agricultural landscape in the eighteenth century reforms. The promotion of the rural bourgeoisie. Agricultural modernization: a vicious circle. The reflections of the reformers.